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The Flemish map maker Gerard Mercator

Gerard Mercator

Gerard Mercator

Google has today celebrated the birthday of Gerard Mercator, a 16th century cartographer, with a Doodle on its homepage


The Flemish map-maker is behind one of the most influential depictions of the globe ever created. His 1569 Mercator projection became the standard map projection for nautical purposes. It accurately depicts the shapes and directions of landmasses, which made the map very useful for sailors before the invention of complex navigation systems. Parallels and meridians are rendered as straight lines spaced, so as to produce at any point an accurate ratio of latitude to longitude. (www.independent.co.uk) 


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